Treviso / SurroundingsGallery
With regard to the number of inhabitants Portobuffolè is the smallest comune in Treviso; its history however is great, and it is this which dominates this town.
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Its unusual name has a straighforward explanation: leaving aside the hypothesis that it derives from 'buffalo', the most accepted theory believes its origins lay in its importance as a river port and a centre for commercial traffic between the Venetian Republic, the mainland and Germany, a role which from the beginning of the Middle Ages until the Renaissance saw it as the main contender in the region. Thus the name's origins from the latin bova (canal) or bufaline, a type of boat used to transport merchandise from there to the open sea. A document dating from around the first Millenium mentions Castellarium Portus Buvoledi, while previous to this it was a village called Septimum de Liquentia after its distance in Roman miles from Opitergium (now Oderzo), the most important settlement of the time, and after its position in a bend in the river Livenza.
Today Portobuffolè preserves its Renaissance elegance, the period of its greatest prestige thanks to the momentum given by Venice to this small town, at that time provided with a castle, slowly becoming home to rich lords and professionals.
Testimony to this is the discretion of Piazza Beccaro, adorned with its ancient buildings, some replete with fresco decorations. Nearby lies the museum house of Gaia da Camino, daughter of Gherardo, lord of Treviso, referred to by Dante in the Purgatorio.
In the splendid Piazza Vittorio Emanuele II we find the public buildings from the Venetian dominance: the Dogana, Monte di Pietà and the Loggia Comunale. Worthy of note is the fact that the Duomo was erected over a synagogue used by the Hebew community here before their expulsion. The charming Porta Friuli bears on its outside another potent symbol of Venice: the lion of Saint Mark.
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