Hidden treasures

Canaletto, the landscape artist of Venice

Big Names
canaletto-san-marco

Canaletto, the landscape artist of Venice

Giovanni Antonio Canal, better known as Canaletto, was one of the greatest vedutisti of the 18th century. In addition to combining architecture and nature in topographic representation, his paintings show a careful atmospheric rendering: Canaletto, in fact, paid close attention to every single detail that characterized the different moments of the day, investigating with scientific and objective criteria the effects and changes of the light on the surrounding landscape. He also valued the perspective, using the optical camera, the ancestor of the camera, to better represent it in his works.

Canaletto was born on 17th, or 18th, October 1697 in a wealthy family of the Venetian Republic. He was initiated into painting by his father, Bernardo Canal (hence the nickname Canaletto, 'small Canal'), collaborating with him and his brother in the creation of theatre backdrops. The real artistic emergence of young Canaletto came after he moved to Rome, where he first came into contact with the vedutisti painters. It was during his time in Rome that he made his first recorded works, such as Santa Maria d'Aracoeli, Campidoglio and Tempio of Antonino and Faustina, in which he began to approach the genre of the veduta. The first two works signed by him and with a certain date can be traced to 1723: they are two Capricci - fanciful drawings, far from the religious or ethical themes typical of the time - now preserved in private collections.

Thanks to his remarkable skill and technique, once back in Venice, Canaletto managed to quickly become one of the most successful painters of the Serenissima. During 1720s the number of commissions he received began to increase, thanks also to the encounter with Joseph Smith, a very rich art collector and British consul in Venice between 1744 and 1760 and a fundamental figure for Canaletto’s career who acted as a mediator between the Venetian painter and the English collectors.

Around 1740, when the Austrian succession war (1741-1748) brought a sharp decrease in British visitors to Venice, Canaletto’s market dropped dramatically and the painter decided to move to London, where he managed to acquire new clients.

He then returned to Venice between 1756 and 1757, never leaving the city thereafter. Elected to the Venetian Academy, he continued to paint until his death in 1768.

Thanks to his incomparable views of Venice, Canaletto has managed to export the 'myth of Venice' abroad by depicting Venice as a naturally enchanting and magical city!

Do not miss the great exhibition housed in the rooms of the Doge’s Palace in Venice to closely admire his most famous works, together with other masterpieces of 18th century Venetian art and its greatest protagonists ... The ticket for the exhibition 'Canaletto and Venice' can be purchased online directly from our portal!

By Insidecom Editorial Staff

Latest posts

Padua: Bartolomeo Cristofori: the Padua-born man who invented the piano

bartolomeo_cristofori
Did you know that...

Did you know that the inventor of the piano hailed from Padua? That’s true and his name was Bartolomeo Cristofori. Bartolomeo Cristof...

View

Venice: The gondolier: the warrior of the lagoon

gondoliere
Mysteries & Legends

Everybody knows who a gondolier is and what he does: he is the person who, with dedication and ability, propels the gondola, the tradit...

View

Venice: Why is it called Titian Red?

rosso_tiziano
Figures of speech

Do you recall the sensual ‘Venus of Urbino’ or the elegant ‘Woman in the mirror’ by Tiziano Vecellio? Now, just focus on the re...

View

Cortina D'ampezzo: A Museum in the Clouds in Cortina d’Ampezzo

Museo-delle-Nuvole-Monte-Rite-a-Cibiana
Mysteries & Legends

If you reach the summit of Mount Rite at 2181 meters near Cortina d'Ampezzo, it will come as a surprise to find among the barren dolomi...

View

Top posts

Venice: How much does a gondola ride cost?

gondola
Did you know that...

Have you decided to visit Venice and included a nice gondola ride on the list of things to do? How could we blame you! Is there anythin...

View

Venice: The stone heart of St Mark’s Basilica

cuore-erizzo
Unknown places & works

If you are visiting St Mark’s Basilica and have just abandoned the wonderful vision of the Pala d'Oro (which is a must-see), just a f...

View

Treviso: The ghost of Bianca di Collalto

castello-collalto
Mysteries & Legends

On the night between October 31 and November 1, telling a scary ghost story is a must... We have one related to the castle of Collalto,...

View

Padua: Prato della Valle in Padua

prato-della-valle
Historical Curiosities

Probably only the inhabitants of Padua and a few other people know of a particular record their city is boasting about: having the larg...

View