What happened on April 12 in VeniceAlmanac of Venice
What happened on April 12 in Venice
According to the Venetian Liturgical Calendar, the Saints of the Day are St. Bishop Leo and St. Jiulius I, Pope.
- April 12, 1178: Doge Sebastiano Ziani abdicates his position and retires to the monastery of San Giorgio Maggiore, where he dies the next day and where his body is buried; the tomb will be demolished in 1611 together with the old church, but recomposed in the Chapel of the Dead in the new church, where his new Istrian stone monument stands to the left of the facade: Ziani is remembered for the Pace di Venezia between Pope Alexander III and Federico Barbarossa, when the Republic rises as one of the most important European powers. During his ruling, the Rio Botario that crossed the Piazze was covered with earth and the two Columns of Marco and Todaro were erected on the pier, which according to tradition were probably three, but one sank in the lagoon during unloading from the ship that was transporting it from the Far East. After resting on the ground for a long time, they were erected by Nicolò Barattiero, the engineer responsible for the cell of the bell tower, and the construction of the first wooden bridge in Rialto. He obtained in exchange to be able to run a gambling bench between the two columns (hence his nickname)
- April 12, 1204: Constantinople falls during the Fourth Crusade; the troops led by Doge Enrico Dandolo climb the walls and conquer 25 towers, entering the capital of the Eastern Empire after almost a year of siege by the Crusaders. Constantinople is brutally sacked by the angry crusaders, the French feudal lords launch into destruction and looting, while the Venetian commanders try to calm souls and save many works of art from ruin, then transported to their homeland, among them the famous Four Horses in gilded copper from the Hippodrome, the Acritani Pillars from the Basilica of San Polieucto which arrived via San Giovanni D'Acri, hence the name, and the four Tetrarchs, which embellished the square of the Philadelphion.
- April 12, 1959: the body of Saint Pius X, born Giuseppe Melchiorre Sarto, a native of Riese, formerly Patriarch of Venice, returns to the lagoon. Proclaiming him Saint, John XXIII complied with the prophecy pronounced by the future Pope Pius X while on his way to the Conclave, that he would return, alive or dead, to Venice.
Taken from 'Almanacco di Venezia -1600 anni ab Urbe còndita' by Andrea Gersich and Edoardo Rubini
Venice, 12th April 2021
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