What happened on March 20 in VeniceAlmanac of Venice
What happened on March 20 in Venice
According to the Venetian Liturgical Calendar, today is St. Gioachim’s Day (St. Gioachim father of Mary), to whom a small church in Castello, now deconsecrated, was dedicated.
On this day the precious blood brought from Candia in 1650 was exhibited in St Mark’s.
- March 20, 1468: the bishop of Winchester, uncle of King Henry V of England, arrives in Venice during the ruling of Doge Tommaso Mocenigo, who receives him with great solemnity on the Bucintoro.
- March 20, 1532: the Venetian Senate resolves a dispute between the doctors of the time on the preparation of Theriac, a panacea against all ailments, consisting of ingredients such as opium, viper extract, rose leaf, saffron, pepper, ginger, turpentine, anise, fennel, honey and more; theriac was in great demand all over the world, therefore the government decides to protect it, enabling only a few theriac pharmacies to produce it; the Venetian theriac was prepared in the presence of the people and a college of experts, when strong workers used to crush it in bronze mortars singing: 'Bati bati, la slonga la vita, pesta pesta, la calma i dolori, chi la prova pitochi o signori, per çent’ ani provista i farà. La xe fata de mile sostanze, la guarisse tremila e più mali, e contenti se ciama quei tali che profita de sta rarità. Bati bati, pesta pesta la triàca qua se fa'.
- March 20, 1597: Antonio da Ponte dies in Venice, a distinguished architect and military engineer in Dalmatia, proto at Magistrato al Sal, in charge of the restoration of the Doge's Palace after the fire of 1577, designer of the façade of Palazzo delle Prigioni, he coordinated the design and construction of the Rialto bridge (begun in 1588, completed in 1591).
- March 20, 1797: until April, facing the invasion of the Army of Italy led by General Bonaparte, Verona, Padua, Vicenza and Treviso renew the oath of loyalty to the Serenissima Republic; Bassano, Udine, Conegliano, Pordenone, Feltre, Belluno and Cadore, Desenzano, Val Sabbia, Vicenza, Rovigo, Adria, Lendinara, Cologna Veneta, Val Trompia, Val Seriana and the other Bergamo valleys will follow, ready to rise up against the French, and finally all the other towns in Veneto.
- March 20, 1887: Pietro Talamini founds the Venice newspaper 'Il Gazzettino'.
- March 20, 1939: with the Royal Decree, IRE (Institutes of Hospitalization and Education) is established, to give greater autonomy to the ancient Venetian institutes compared to the national ECA. Among the most important welfare institutions of the Serenissima we must remember: Ca'di Dio, Crociferi, Ospedaletto of St. Giovanni and Paolo, Conservatory of the Zitelle, Catechumens, Soccorso, Penitents, all merged into the Congregation of Charity, commissioned by Napoleon together with the hospitals, which survived until 1937. On 1 January 2020, with the merger between IRE and Antica Scuola dei Battuti, IPAV was born. The headquarters are in the prestigious Palazzo Contarini del Bovolo.
Taken from 'Almanacco di Venezia -1600 anni ab Urbe còndita' by Andrea Gersich and Edoardo Rubini
Venice, 20th March 2021
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